Learn the Basics

What is Egyptian Cotton Fabric? The Luxurious Counterpart To Cotton?

Cotton is one of the most common fabrics known to mankind. It is safe to assume that we all have cotton in some form or the other, be it garments, accessories or home furnishings. I am sure that you would have come across the term ‘Egyptian cotton’ while browsing for cotton-based products on the net or in stores. But do you know what is Egyptian cotton? Read on to find out more.

What is Egyptian Cotton?

Also hailed as the king of cottons, Egyptian Cotton is regarded as one of the finest cottons in the world. This is because the length of the fibres makes it possible to weave the finest yarns without compromising on the strength. This in turn makes the fabric more resistant to stress. Eyptian Cotton’s ability to absorb liquid gives the fabrics made of this material deeper, brighter and more resistant colours.

As the cotton is handpicked, it ensures optimum purity. Handpicking also puts no stress on the fibres leaving them straight and intact. This results in a cotton that is super fine and long-lasting.

How is Egyptian Cotton fabric made?

Egyptian cotton comes from the species Gossypium Barbadense. This is the same plant from which Pima cotton originates. However, the climate in Egypt produces longer fibers than any other cotton. These long fibers are spun into extra-fine threads, which are then woven into a high-quality fabric. Thread count is the number of threads in each square inch; a higher thread count means the fabric will feel dense and luxurious and will last long. A lower thread count indicates a softer and pliable fabric.

How is Egyptian Cotton fabric different from regular cotton?

The main thing that distinguishes Egyptian cotton from regular cotton is the thread count. Thread count refers to the number of threads found per square inch on a sheet. Regular cotton sheets have a thread count ranging from 120 to 180. These are the inexpensive beddings used in homes, hospitals, and some hotels.

On the other hand, Egyptian sheets have a thread count of at least 400 for the lower end type, and as much as 1,500 for the highest quality. The higher the thread count, the softer and more durable these sheets will be.

What is Egyptian Cotton fabric used for?

Due to its durable nature, Egyptian cotton is mostly used for making bedding and sometimes towels. This is not to say that it cannot be used for making other items such as clothes but this is rare.

What to keep in mind while buying Egyptian Cotton fabric?

Thread Count

Although expensive, a higher thread counts will give you softer and more comfortable sheets. The mid-range 500-1000 thread count is also a good option for those on a budget. Its important to be careful when buying because the advertised thread count may not be the actual thread count. Even if a brand claims to have a 1,000 thread count, only 400 of these threads could come from Egyptian cotton. Some manufacturers mix in other materials so be sure you are buying 100% pure Egyptian cotton.

Fibre Length

Even if the cotton is harvested from Egypt, it does not necessarily mean it is the extra-long staple or ELS type. If you don’t purchase the ELS type, you may as well have purchased regular cotton.

Single Ply Sheets are the Best

Make sure to buy a single ply sheet. When a sheet has multiple plies, it usually means that other cheaper fibres were twisted together with the primary fibre to create a longer thread.

Caring for your Egyptian cotton fabric is simple. Just follow the steps given under

  1. Wash at 40 degrees
  2. Don’t use fabric softener or bleach as it causes buildup and damages the fabric
  3. Use a gentle wash cycle
  4. Air-dry
  5. Iron on a low heat setting

Advantages of Egyptian Cotton fabric

  • More porous fabric so air passes through well
  • More absorbent of moisture
  • Absorbs colours fantastically
  • Lasts longer and is stronger than normal cotton
  • Much softer than normal cotton
  • More consistent finish due to long fibres
  • No pilling

Disadvantages of Egyptian Cotton fabric

  • More prone to wrinkles
  • Can take a few washes to reach max softness
  • Damaged by softener and very hot washes/dry cycles

Now that you know all about Egyptian Cotton fabric, get your hands on our fabric swatch pack to go through our range of fabrics and pick your preferred kind of cotton for your next project.

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